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Hermitage History.part 7

Oct - 24 - 2013
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Hermitage from inside

Netherlandish painting of the XV century, which shared with that of Italy the leading part in the development of European art, is here represented by three works: the “Madonna with the Child” (plate 27), belonging to the very beginning of the century, is a work of the painter known under the conventional name of the “Master of the Flemalle Altarpiece”, who was probably the teacher of Rogier van der Weyden. In this little picture, created in the early days of easel-painting, and transferring us into the cosy surroundings of a modest burgher home, full of carefully and lovingly painted objects archaic features are combined with an- eager interest for every-day life.

For a chapel of a guild of painters who considered St. Luke to he their patron, Rogi-er van der Weyden (about 1400-1464) made a picture “St. Luke designing an Image of the Virgin” (plate 28) known in several versions. The human figures are still full of strict clerical piety, their motions are both artificial and awkward, but the accessories, the clothing, the landscape with a view on the town, the concentrated attention of the evangelist-painter are expressed with great skill, and technical perfection.

A work of primary importance among the paintings of the Netherlandish School of the first half of the XVI century is the allealing of the Blind Man of Jericho” (plate 29) by Lucas van Leyden (1494-1533), who is mostly known as one of the greatest Netherlandish masters of engraving.


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