WorldArts

Art is immortal

Welcome Dear Customer!

Facebook
RSS

Gustave Courbet

Aug - 4 - 2013
admin
Gustave Courbet-auto retrato

Self-portrait (The Desperate Man), c. 1843–1845 (Private collection)

Gustave Courbet(10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877.Active Years: 1838 – 1877) was a controversial French painter, who bridged the gap between Romanticism and the Impressionist school of painters. He also worked with social issues, and addressed peasantry and the grave working conditions of the poor. His work belonged neither to the predominant Romantic nor Neoclassical schools. Rather, Courbet believed the Realist artist’s mission was the pursuit of truth, which would help erase social contradictions and imbalances. Unlike the Romantic school of painters, Courbet did not use smooth lines and soft forms. Instead, he employed spontaneous brush strokes and a roughness of paint texture, which indicated that he was observing his subject directly from life, and thus challenging the academic ideas of the way art should be painted. Because of his development of a realistic form of painting, Courbet was a celebrity, and considered a genius, socialist, and savage. He also encouraged the perception of himself as an unschooled peasant.
Biography
Born in Ornans (Doubs), into a prosperous farming family which wanted him to study law, he went to Paris in 1839, and worked at the studio of Steuben and Hesse. An independent spirit, he soon left, preferring to develop his own style by studying Spanish, Flemish and French painters and painting copies of their work.

A Burial at Ornans

A Burial at Ornans, 1849-1850, oil on canvas, 314 x 663 cm, Musee d’Orsay, Paris. Exhibition at the 1850–1851 Paris Salon created an “explosive reaction” and brought Courbet instant fame.

Courbet’s career was punctuated by scandal, often deliberately courted by the artist himself. Young Women from the Village (40.175), set in the outskirts of Ornans, generated further controversy at the Salon of 1852. Critics were nearly unanimous in reproaching Courbet for the “ugliness” of the three young women, for whom the artist’s sisters modeled, and for the disproportionately small scale of the cattle. Moreover, Courbet’s suggestive use of the term demoiselles (young ladies) to denote this trio of young village women further provoked his critics, who took issue with the blurring of class boundaries that the term implied. In the aftermath of the democratic uprisings in the countryside in 1848, Courbet’s depictions of a rural middle-class in his Ornans subjects unsettled his Parisian audience at the Salons.
Courbet grew up in a family with anti-monarchical sentiments, as his grandfather was a member of the French Revolution, and thus used his popularity as a platform to write essays and dissertations on political anarchism, democratic and socialist ideas. He became even more controversial in the 1860’s when he began painting erotic nude scenes, ranging from the detailed female genitalia in The Origin of the World, and two nude women sleeping in Le Sommeil. This catapulted his social popularity, and in the 1870’s used his voice to argue for the dismantling of the Vendome Column, a symbol of imperial power. After the column’s dismantlement, and an ensuing change in power, Courbet was held responsible for the act, and sent to prison for six months.In 1873, the newly elected president Mac-Mahon wanted to resurrect the Column. On his own previous proposition, Gustave Courbet was singled out and condemned to pay the expenses. Unable to pay, Courbet went into a self-imposed exile in Switzerland to avoid bankruptcy.
On 4 May 1877, the estimate of the costs was finally established: 323,091 fr 68 cent. Courbet was allowed to pay the fine in yearly installments of 10,000 francs for the next 33 years, until his 91st birthday.

Courbet died, age 58, in La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland, of a liver disease aggravated by heavy drinking on 31 December 1877, a day before the payment of the first installment was due.

Resources on the Internet

Biography and Works
Extensive biography and works
Extensive biography
Biography of the artist and his work. The English-language Wikipedia

21 Responses so far.

  1. Thanks again for the blog article. Fantastic.

  2. school porn says:

    Fantastic post.Really thank you! Keep writing.

  3. throat says:

    A big thank you for your post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  4. virgin anal says:

    Im grateful for the article.Really thank you! Cool.

  5. click here says:

    Great, thanks for sharing this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

  6. read more says:

    Very neat blog article. Much obliged.

  7. Usually I do not learn post on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, very great article.

  8. Thanks so much for the article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

  9. Im grateful for the blog article.Thanks Again.

  10. Thanks so much for the article.Thanks Again.

  11. Thanks a lot for the article. Awesome.

  12. Rug cleaning says:

    Im obliged for the post.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

  13. Appreciate you sharing, great blog.Really thank you! Cool.

  14. I value the blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  15. Hey, thanks for the blog post. Much obliged.

  16. I really liked your article. Really Cool.

  17. Really enjoyed this blog post.Really thank you! Really Cool.

  18. Fantastic write-up nonetheless was wanting to know if you ever might publish a litte more on this kind of subject? I’d be extremely gracious as soon as you could sophisticated a little more. Thank you very much!

  19. anal says:

    Thanks so much for the article post.Thanks Again. Want more.

  20. I truly appreciate this blog.Thanks Again. Great.

  21. Rugby Live says:

    wow, awesome blog article.Much thanks again. Will read on…


Hermitage History.pa

Previous article: Hermitage History – Part 9. In the XVII century none of ...

Arsen Pochkhua-Georg

Arsen Pochkhua was born in 1923 in Kutaisi. In 1944-49 he ...

Théodore Géricault

Géricault(Born: twenty six Sept 1791; Rouen, Normandy, France-Died: twenty six ...

Ivan Aivazovsky

Hovhannes Aivazian was born on July seventeen, 1817 within the ...

Franz Marc

Videotutorial El sueño Franz Marc Born on February 8, 1880. Munich, Bavaria, ...

Sponsors

  • World Arts
  • Macro Photography
  • 500px
  • Vakhtang Janjgava